Travel Around Greece

History of Heraklion

Submitted by manolism on Sat, 01/10/2009 - 21:59.
St. titos.JPG Heraklion harbor, koule fortress and sea wall.JPG st. mark basilica.JPG Morosini Fountain on Venizelou sq.JPG

The history of heraklion goes back many millenia, being the center of the minoan civilization which spread among the greek islands. Knossos (an ancient city located right outside heraklion) was the capital of the minoan kings and the place were the original labyrinth was built. Heraklion flourished through the ages and was known as the "great castle" in the medieval ages, when the - gigantic !! - city wall was constructed by venetians. The city fell to the ottomans in 1669, after a 22 year siege (the second-longest siege in history).

The main historical monuments for the visitor of heraklion are the ancient ruins of knossos, the archaeological museum of heraklion and the medieval monuments of the venetian era (Koule castle, City walls, St. Mark basilica and others). In the last few years there has been an effort to promote heraklions' medieval city centre, and the overall visitor experience has been greatly improved.

Region: Crete

Place: candia, central crete, crete, greek islands, heraclion, heraklion, heraklion history, hersonissos, iraklion, knossos, malia

You will find here: Ancient monuments, Byzantine monuments, Medieval monuments, Museums, Religious Tourism

See also

  • Accomodation in Heraklion

    If you just wish to stay in a nice place, next to the beach, heraklion is not for you. Heraklion has many hotels and -due to its location- it is the ideal base for the visitor who wishes to explore the island of crete. Every other site in crete is accessible with small one-day trips from heraklion. In fact, that is heraklion's main attraction to the visitor.

    Related places: candia,central crete,crete,greek islands,heraclion,heraklion,heraklion history,hersonissos,kreta,malia

  • Clubbing in heraklion

    The night life is a major attraction of the city of heraklion. The entertainment industry has flourished in the last decades, to accomodate the needs of locals, students and tourists. It is a city that never sleeps. After the clubbing you do not want to miss the unique souvlaki in "thraka", in the venizelou square.

    Related places: candia,central crete,crete,greek islands,heraclion,heraklion,heraklion history,hersonissos,kreta,malia

  • Heraklion

    Heraklion is the capital of the island of crete, located at the north of the island. Heraklion is the largest city of crete and one the largest in greece. With a population of around 150.000 people and more than 200.000 in the metropolitan area, it is the administrative and economic center of crete.

    Related places: candia,central crete,crete,greek islands,heraclion,heraklion,hersonissos,knossos,malia

  • Travel to ... Heraklion

    The city airport "Nikos kazantzakis" was the second international airport in greece, and it is still the largest one regarding charter flight traffic. Due to its location, its airport and its harbor, heraklion is the main gateway for visitors to the island of crete. The port of heraklion is also the largest port in crete. Heraklion is connected to Thira, Rhodes, Egypt, Haifa and mainland Greece (Peiraius) by boat and ferries.

    Related places: candia,central crete,greek islands,heraklion,island,knossos,krete

  • Cretaquarium

    The cretaquarium (thalassokosmos) is located near heraklion, crete and is one of Europe’s largest aquariums. It offers a unique chance to explore the Mediterranean Sea world. There are 60 different tanks, for more than 2400 organisms ranging from great sharks to minuscule jellyfish. As part of the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Cretaquarium popularizes and disseminates scientific knowledge about the marine world, with special emphasis on the Mediterranean and the seas around Greece.

    Related places: central crete,crete,heraklion

Other similar places in Greece

  • Plaka

    The name Plaka stems from Arvanitika "Pliak Athena", meaning "Old Athens". Plaka has many archaeological sites of great importance. The first that will draw a visitor's attention is the famous Temple of the Winds is part of the ancient Roman Agora. It initially was a meteorological station from the first century built by the Syrian Astronomer Andronikos Kyrrhestes. The freize which represents the winds and their personalities is the most interesting part of the building and visitors must undoubtedly have a closer look.

    Related places: athens,Monastiraki,Monument of Lysikrates,plaka,Roman Agora,Temple of the Winds,The Mosque

  • Restaurants in Athens

    In Athens, guests can choose to eat in a different way for every single day of their stay since numerous gourmet spots will satisfy their appetite. One can indulge in the traditional Greek cuisine of taverns and Mediterranean style restaurants. Moreover, those who prefer international or exotic gastronomy can choose from a wide variety of international cuisine restaurants. The price ranges vary, however, quality and hospitality remain above average. Finally, another significant factor adding to the appeal of a Greek restaurant would be the area of its location.

    Related places: athens,center of athens,city of athens,peireaus,plaka,psirri,thiseon

  • History of Elounda

    Ancient Elounda (Olous) was a minoan city. It was partly destroyed hit by a tidal wave caused by the explosion of the Santorini volcano, estimated to have occurred in the mid second millennium BC. Ruins of the ancient city of Olous can bee seen under the sea in elounda peninsula. Minoan and Roman graves as well as temples dedicated to the ancient greek gods can also be found around elounda. Monuments of the byzantine period have also been found in elounda such as the byzantine mosaic on the elounda peninsula.

    Related places: Agios Nikolaos,East Crete,Elounda,Elounta,greek islands,Kato Elounda,Lasithi,Mavrikiano,olous,Pano Elounda,plaka,Skisma

  • Heraklion

    Heraklion is the capital of the island of crete, located at the north of the island. Heraklion is the largest city of crete and one the largest in greece. With a population of around 150.000 people and more than 200.000 in the metropolitan area, it is the administrative and economic center of crete.

    Related places: candia,central crete,crete,greek islands,heraclion,heraklion,hersonissos,knossos,malia

  • Travel to Cyclades, travel to Syros

    The island of Syros is located in the middle of the cycladic islands. Proud of its long history, Syros used to be the cultural and trade centre of the Aegean in the 19th century. Its capital, Hermoupolis or Ermoupolis, named after the Greek God Hermes, was Greece’s principal port and is today the largest town of the Cyclades, the capital of the archipelago and its cultural, administrative and economic centre. If you choose to visit Syros, you will not have to miss on quality concerts, theatre performances as well as art exhibitions.

    Related places: Cyclades,Cycladic Islands,Syros

Travel to Greece facts

- 15 International Airports
- 51 marinas
- 227 inhabited islands ( out of 6000 greek islands)
- 430 beaches awarded with the blue flag.
- 9,111 hotels with 693,252 rooms:

  • 176 5-star hotels
  • 994 4-star hotels
  • 1804 3-star hotels
  • 4460 2-star hotels
  • 1677 1-star hotels

- 752 spas.
- 17 Monuments of Cultural Heritage according to the UNESCO catalogue.
- 124 Museums

Plan a trip now

Elounda, Crete

- : Autumn is the ideal season to visit Elounda. Elounda hotels and apartments are open untill mid-october and the whole experience is so much better after the summer...
- : Airplane to Heraklion Airport and bus to Aghios Nikolaos.
- : The airplane tickets cost depends on your departure site, the cost from Athens airport ranges from 60 to 140 Euros. The cost of the bus to Aghios Nikolaos is less than 10 euros and the bus from Aghios nikolaos to Elounda is less than 5 euros.
- : Choose a cosy little apartment over a large hotel.
- : ranging from 40 to 100 euros for two people per night.

Travel around Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. With more than 6,000 islands and the heritage of ancient Greece, the Roman and the Byzantine Empires it is a major tourist destination, with more than 15 million visitors every year. A travel to greece is more than purchasing a ticket and a hotel room though. Get on board with travelaround.gr and lets explore greece together.